Alas, tribalism is at the heart of one’s primitive ego defensive mechanism. It requires at least a minimum amount of worldly intellect to rise above one’s negative aspects of the tribal impulse. Some folks possess intllect naturally. Other gain intellect through education and a broad array of experiences.

This accounts for those living in relatively isolated communities for tending toward xenophobia.

Jim Ridgway, Jr. military writer — author of the American Civil War classic, “Apprentice Killers: The War of Lincoln and Davis.” Christmas gift, yes!

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store