The only thing that has changed when it comes to xenophobia over the years is the means by which it is expressed. The basic tribal impulse (the way our brains are wired is a fixed factor) that will never change. Only how we attempt to rise above our negatives can be varied in a more positive direction or not.

Jim Ridgway, Jr. military writer — author of the American Civil War classic, “Apprentice Killers: The War of Lincoln and Davis.” Christmas gift, yes!

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